The Maihar gharana has its roots in the Rampur branch of the Senia gharana, which can boast of having the last descendants of Mian Tansen as Gurus. Wazir Khan, the Veenkar descendant of Mian Tansen from the daughters' side taught Ustad Allauddin Khan. The teaching was done in two parts. The first part was like a normal 'Ganda bandha' , Shagird. The second part was done as if to a son, more intensively. This was done after the death of Ustad Wazir Khan's son.
Ustad Allauddin Khan was called by his Ustad for the second time after the demise of Ustad's son and in Baba's words was taught in one year what one normally learns in 12 years. Since this was done on a base created earlier and since Ustad Allauddin Khan was known for his rigorous riyaz, this was easy.
Enriched with the complete talim of the authentic Rampur Senia gharana, Baba Allauddin could now afford to be creative taking note of what he had learnt in his young struggling days in Calcutta from Nulo Gopal, the Dhrupadiya, Habu Datta, the music director and Mr. Lobo, the violinist. The amalgam plus the personal genius of Baba led to some brilliant compositions. The translation of his musical thoughts and imagination to practical music was done through three of his brilliant students - Ali Akbar Khan, Ravi Shankar and Smt. Annapurna Devi. Since all this was done in Maihar his students prefer to call it the Maihar gharana.